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Deutschlandlied

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Details about Deutschlandlied  |  Associated sheet music


The melody of the Deutschlandlied was originally composed by Franz Joseph Haydn in 1797.

Haydn composed this melody to the poem Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser [God save Emperor Francis], a birthday anthem to Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor of the House of Habsburg.

After the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, Francis continued to rule as Austrian Emperor. Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser became known as the Austrian Hymn, the official anthem of the emperor of the Austrian Empire and the subsequent Austria-Hungary until the end of the Austrian monarchy in 1918.

Also in 1797, Haydn used this melody, along with several variations, for the second movement of his String Quartet in C Major, Op. 76, No. 3.

This string quartet, one of Haydn's most famous, is nicknamed the Emperor Quartet [Kaiserquartett].

In 1841, the German linguist and poet August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben (1798-1874) wrote the lyrics of Das Lied der Deutschen to Haydn's music. They were considered quite revolutionary by Prussia at the time.

In 1922, Das Lied der Deutschen became the national anthem of Germany.

Details about Deutschlandlied

Title : Das Deutschlandlied
Subtitle : Das Lied der Deutschen - The Song of Germany - National Anthem
Composer : Haydn, Franz Joseph (1732-1809)
Catalog :
Style : National Anthems
Composed/published : 1797
Original instrumentation : Violin and piano

Sources : Franz Joseph Haydn, Das Deutschlandlied [The Song of Germany].

Sheet music associated with Deutschlandlied

CatalogueTitleKeyInstrumentation
  Das Deutschlandlied - National Anthem of Germany   B flat MajorViolin and piano
  Das Deutschlandlied - National Anthem of Germany   E flat MajorViola and piano


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